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Recent News


"It is the first law of its kind in the U.S. Australia and a number of European countries already prohibit anonymous sperm and egg donations, giving donor-conceived people access to more information about their identities and family histories."
This is inaccurate as those donor-conceived people are conceived with US and Danish donors. (As their donor pools dried up, eg. in Australia, Canada, and the UK.) So no, DCP in those countries do not "have access to more information about their identities and family histories." They're in the same position as everyone else conceived with US and Danish sperm. 

Wendy Kramer, director and co-founder of the Donor Sibling Registry, disagrees. “[O]ur research paints a different picture. In our first published study of 155 egg donors, we found that 30.3% reported Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS),” she previously wrote. “In our second survey of 176 egg donors in 2014, we found that 32.4% of egg donors reported complications such as OHSS and infection. In our third Study of 363 egg donors in 2021, 22.4% reported experiencing OHSS.”

Wendy Kramer is working to change that. Her son, Ryan, was conceived with donor sperm and born in 1990. She was honest with him about his conception from an early age. When Ryan was about 6 years old, he asked to meet his biological father. The sperm bank wouldn’t share any information. So around 2000, Kramer started to connect with other people like her and Ryan to create The Donor Sibling Registry, a nonprofit organization that has enabled more than 25,000 half-siblings and/or their donors to meet to date (including many of Greene’s donor-conceived children). 

In 2005, Kramer’s son took a DNA test, which led mother and son to seek out and build a relationship with his biological father. To date, Wendy and Ryan Kramer have also identified 28 half-brothers and sisters. Kramer says that many of those siblings weren’t told by their parents that they were donor-conceived and were caught off-guard when they learned the truth through genetic testing. “You get families that are imploding. Kids who are struggling. Trauma,” she says. “Some of [Ryan’s] half-siblings thought it was a prank. They deleted the emails from the half-siblings saying, ‘Someone’s pranking people in 23andMe. My parents didn’t use a donor.’” 

Kramer recommends that donor parents tell their kids the truth before the child can even speak, and that sperm banks should enable connections at any age. Just as openness has risen around adoption, she’d like to see that happen with donor conception. “Then it’s just a part of their story to be proud of,” she says.


November: NW Cryobank closing 12/20/2023

Finding lots of siblings is common and a result of a lack of donor limitations, co-founder says
Wendy Kramer is a co-founder and director of the Donor Sibling Registry, a Colorado organization that helps people conceived via sperm, egg, or embryo donation find relatives. It happens every day through her organization, she said.

She has been connecting people from Siperko’s group for decades, including 38 of Siperko’s siblings. Altogether, the group has connected nearly 25,000 people with their half-siblings and biological parents.

And while some people are happy to find so many siblings, there is still an underlying issue she wants to see addressed: a lack of limitations on donating sperm.

Many sperm banks initially promised that each donor would result in no more than 10 kids, Kramer said, but − evidenced by Siperko's case − that obviously didn't happen. 

What sperm banks are missing, Kramer said, is "accurate record-keeping on the children born."

“That's why we have so many half-sibling groups over 100 and even over 200," she told USA TODAY. "Those groups just keep growing.”

“We all came to understand that that was a complete lie and they still lie about it,” she said, noting that in some cases, people find out they have more than 200 siblings.

Large sperm banks also ship sperm to clinics across the country and sometimes worldwide, she said.

Her organization has asked donors and parents of donor-conceived people what they think the limit should be and the most common number they hear is 10. 

She said it’s unethical and irresponsible for the reproductive medicine industry to create so many half-siblings groups without updating families on medical information and limiting the number of births there are from each donor.

Part of the problem, she said, is that companies need to do a better job at keeping track of births. They aren’t always reported and record-keeping isn’t as precise as it should be.

“It's just about a profit for selling sperm with no thought whatsoever given to the human beings they're helping to create,” Kramer said. 

“I used California Cryobank and my son has … half-siblings coast to coast, up and down, even in Puerto Rico,” she said. “You never know where your half-siblings can be.”

What's it like to discover siblings?
How people respond when they find out they have so many siblings depends largely on the person, said Kramer. For introverts, finding out about lots of siblings could be “scarier” than it is for extroverts, she said. It’s deeply personal and there’s no telling how incorporating new people into your life will go.

But according to Kramer, there are many benefits to finding one’s siblings as well, including both medical and psychological. 

“It's an innate human desire to want to know where we come from and who we come from,” she told USA TODAY. “Allowing donor-conceived people to know about their ancestry, their close genetic relatives and their family medical history is crucial.”

Thirty-eight of them actually found each other on the Donor Sibling Registry! 

There are some key differences between the experiences of adopted and donor-conceived kids, but one thing remains the same: They should know about their origins.


December: Sirius Radio

Two interviews

SiriusXM radio interviews with the Perri Peltz Show and the Karen Hunter Show. 
Here's a link to the full Perri Peltz episode. It will take you directly to the episode on the SiriusXM Ap. You'll need a SiriusXM subscription to listen. 

But the US sperm-donation industry “is largely unethical and irresponsible,” according to Wendy Kramer, an American author and advocate who has been fighting for the rights of donor-conceived children for more than twenty years. Most US sperm banks promise donor anonymity, making it difficult for families who use the service to learn about health developments in their donor that may be genetic or to know about other children conceived from that donor’s sperm. Kramer, who has written extensively about the problems of donor anonymity and advocates for more medical screening, says that, with insufficient oversight and regulation of the sperm-donor industry, “money is put before the well-being of the children being born.”
In 2000, along with her son, Ryan, Kramer co-founded the Donor Sibling Registry, an organization that helps donor-conceived people track down their donors and half siblings. (The process ensures the donor and siblings agree to be contacted.) The organization has since helped more than 25,000 people in more than 100 countries contact their biological families and has allowed Ryan to contact some of his half siblings.

He was also able to find his donor through DNA testing and publicly available information. “If we had not met my son’s biological father, we would not have known about some pretty serious medical issues,” Kramer says. Now Ryan and his half siblings can watch out for signs and get annual screenings for inherited health conditions.

October: Fertility Cafe Podcast

Donor Anonymity

Episode 66 of Fertility Cafe is out, now! Listen on Apple or Spotify to hear Wendy Kramer and founder of Family Inceptions Eloise Drane, discuss anonymity in the fertility world.

New podcast: Starting the Donor Sibling Registry and the Family We Gained Along the Way. Featuring Wendy Kramer

Spotify: 4kcFN4hZwNC2lIYJTdpdPg
Apple: /fruitful.../id1610003724

Today we had the incredible experience of meeting Wendy Kramer, the Co-Founder and Director of the Donor Sibling Registry. Wendy shares her personal journey to becoming a single parent to her donor-conceived son, Ryan, and why they decided to found the DSR together in 2000.  Wendy explains how the Registry works (it’s so easy!) and the importance of ensuring that donors and parents have access to one another. SHE reminds us that there is no such thing as anonymity so honesty and openness with our children are always best. Have a listen, reach out with questions, and stay tuned for many more webinars to come featuring Wendy and her family! 

April: Documentary

23andMe ~ A Documentary

New documentary: The culminating product of First Colonial's Legal Studies Academy senior project of Cam Dunkerly. This documentary highlights the lack of regulation and legislation in the anonymous sperm donation industry. We hear from Cam's siblings and his donor. Featuring an interview with The Donor Sibling Registry founder Wendy Kramer!

In May of 2020, Laura and Dave Gunner received the worst news parents can get: their son, Steven, had died of an accidental opioid overdose. He was 27. While the Gunners were devastated, as you can imagine, they had little idea that more heartbreak was on the way.

After Steven’s death, the Gunners activated an account at the Donor Sibling Registry, a non-profit that connects sperm and egg donors with donor-conceived individuals and families. Since Steven was conceived with donated sperm from Fairfax Cryobank’s donor 1558 and his mother’s egg, they hoped they might catch a glimpse of him in some of his donor siblings. They also felt an obligation to inform other parents and donor siblings that Steven, whom they loved with all their heart, had suffered from schizophrenia. As such, he was prone to addictions and erratic behavior and had been hospitalized on numerous occasions for mental health emergencies. 


The NY Times ethicist advises a mom of a donor-conceived child who is struggling with the idea of allowing her daughter to grow up knowing her half-siblings. From the mom:
"It feels like an invasion of privacy to share her information with the donor half siblings’ families (or others), even if these sites are private and seem an unlikely hacking target. But it’s hard to know at what age I should consider her “competent” to decide for herself about making contact. Furthermore, I imagine that it would be much easier to normalize the unusual situation of having so many biological half-siblings with whom she has no other familial connection if she grows up knowing at least some of them as actual people, even if solely via photos, emails, and video chats. While I would probably benefit from connecting with the other donor families, many of whom are also single mothers by choice, my primary concern is what’s best for my daughter. What are the ethical considerations of sharing her identity and some personal information with “strangers” who are also the families of her genetic “relatives” before she can have a say?"

COLUMBUS, Ohio — McKenzie Cooper remembers being roughly 12 years old and sitting atop the school monkey bars, as the ‘cool kids’ did, and explaining how artificial insemination works.

“It’s been a very normal part of my life, a very normal part of my childhood,” she said. After all, she grew up with two moms. As she puts it, the math would not have added up if a sperm donor were not involved.
But it wasn’t until high school when her journey of sibling discovery truly began. After an Oprah episode, she says her mom signed her up for the Donor Sibling Registry, and soon after, she found her first two half-siblings.

“You’re playing Russian roulette with this,” says Cassandra Bach, a fertility coach and mother of a donor-conceived child. When she decided to get pregnant on her own via a sperm bank donor in 2010, she was told that sperm from the donor she chose wouldn’t be given to more than 40 families. But when her daughter was 2 years old, Bach joined the Donor Sibling Registry (DSR), a nonprofit that helps connect donor-conceived people with biological relatives (many parents join so there’s no chance of their child dating an unknown half-sibling). Over time, she discovered her daughter had 114 half-siblings spanning four countries on three continents. “The sperm bank was tracking siblings via self-reporting, and not everyone reports when they’ve had a child,” says Bach.

These are the reasons the industry needs massive reform, says Wendy Kramer, director and cofounder of DSR. Many parents of donor-conceived children are pushing for mandatory background checks on donors, as well as mandatory reporting about where else they’re donating and accurate tracking of the number of children created by donors. Clinics “need to enforce reporting from donors if their health history has changed,” says Kramer. “Many of the people who donate to these banks are 19-year-old kids, so you’re getting a snapshot of one day in the life of a healthy young person. His father could die of a heart attack the next year, or he could develop cancer later in life, and you wouldn’t know.” She’s been pushing for change for years now, but progress has been slow. “The thing is, it costs money to keep accurate records and to do proper vetting,” says Kramer.

One long-touted pro of using a sperm bank was the promise of donor anonymity. But the idea isn’t realistic anymore with at-home DNA testing kits, and, some experts argue, total anonymity is harmful for donor-conceived people anyway. In fact, 94 percent of donor-conceived people strongly support the option to access info about how many siblings they have and the identity of their donor, and 99 percent want details about the medical history of their donor, per a recent survey. “Kids will ideally find out they are donor-conceived early in life, or they will find out later through a DNA test or family member,” says Kramer. “Either way, they’ll have questions and may want to make contact, and all parties should understand and be open to that.”

I write to echo the sentiments of Steve Inskeep’s moving article about the rights of adoptees to their birth and genetic information, and to make the same argument for donor-conceived people. What Mr. Inskeep writes of adoptees is equally true of donor-conceived people, who equally deserve access to information about their identity and genetics.

As a donor-conceived person, I particularly relate to Mr. Inskeep’s point that he was never able to tell a doctor his family medical history when asked. Donor-conceived persons in the United States have no way to obtain comprehensive information about their genetic background, and when they are given information it is only as accurate as the donors themselves were when providing the information.

Donor anonymity and a lack of comprehensive and accurate record-keeping have deprived donor-conceived people of access to their identifying information for too long. We need to do better for adoptees and the donor-conceived communities. Thank you, Mr. Inskeep, for shedding light on this important issue.

Molly McCafferty
Orinda, Calif.
The writer serves on the board of directors of the Donor Sibling Registry, a nonprofit organization that connects and supports donor families.

March: Podcast

Championing the Donor-Conceived Community  

This week Kallie sits down with Wendy Kramer, Co-Founder and Director of the Donor Sibling Registry (DSR), a network of over 72,000 members worldwide, united by their shared experience as individuals conceived as a result of egg, sperm, or embryo donation and their mutual desire to be connected with others who share their genetic ties.

Wendy launched the DSR in an effort to help bridge some of the ancestral gaps for her own son Ryan, who was conceived via sperm donation. A prolific speaker and writer, Wendy is a tireless advocate for the donor-conceived community and a strong proponent of regulations that prioritize the needs of the children born of third-party reproductive arrangements.


Besides health concerns, there is another important reason for limiting donor’s fecundity. The children of sperm and egg donors, like those who are adopted, often want to trace their blood relations. But it is difficult to forge strong relationships when vast numbers of children are involved. Wendy Kramer of the Donor Sibling Registry, which helps connect members of donor families, says this is an example of how the contract between clinics and would-be parents has ignored the interests of the children it produces. She established the group in 2000 when her then ten-year-old son, conceived using donor sperm, became curious about his wider family. Last month he learned of the existence of two new half-siblings, bringing the tally to 22. Ms Kramer had been told her sperm donor would father no more than ten children, a limit she considers sensible.

Every year, in the UK, about 2,700 people have treatment with the help of a donor, according to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. And yet the UK’s Donor Conception Network (DCN), the UK’s main support organisation, says it has known only “a handful” of cases where British families are in contact from early in the child’s life. The 70,000 members of the Donor Sibling Registry come from 135 countries, and include about 1,000 UK families. “We created the DSR so parents, donors and offspring could make mutual consent contact,” says founder Wendy Kramer, herself the mother of a donor-conceived son. “And there are many good reasons – medical and psychological – to connect while children are young.” Sperm banks, Kramer says, can’t be relied on to notify recipient families about medical issues, which could be vital information for offspring. She adds: “It’s also an innate human desire to want to know where and who we come from; it helps with identity formation.”

February: New York Times

The Case of the Serial Sperm Donor

One man, hundreds of children, and a burning question: Why?


"Oli Benjamin knew from an early age that he had come into the world a little differently to most of his friends. His two mothers conceived him with a sperm donor from California in the late 1990s." (PDF)

"The Georgia Supreme Court on Monday decided claims that a sperm donor lied about his mental and criminal history led to damages in line with consumer fraud, but that 'life itself can never be an injury.'" (PDF)

"He fathered at least 36 children, but the parents didn't know he had no education and a history of hereditary mental illness." (PDF)

DNA tests are cheap and ubiquitous. For some donor-conceived people, they can unearth long-buried truths about their ancestry — and lead to unorthodox reunions. (PDF)

Fifteen years ago, a boy finding his anonymous sperm donor was a sensation. Now it's commonplace. (PDF)

Despite what sperm banks tell parents, a single sperm donor's sperm can be handed out to scores of different families, sometimes resulting in hundreds of offspring. One fear is that these offspring will meet, be drawn to each other, and develop relationships without knowing they are half-siblings. (PDF)

With little regulation in the sperm bank industry, stories of mistakes and sloppy record-keeping are growing. It’s blowing up the lives of donor-conceived children. (PDF)

A Georgia sperm bank claims no accountability for selling sperm of man with a criminal history and a diagnosis of bi-polar with schizo-affective disorder. In the end, Nahmias summed up the debate asking, “just to be clear, what you’re asserting, a sperm bank can completely misrepresent everything about the sperm itself and charge whatever amount of money based on those representations and completely lie to every customer it has - and nobody can do a thing about it?” Xytex response was under the law, yes. That’s why 38 law professors from across the United States filed their own legal analysis with the court asking justices to allow the Normans’ lawsuit, and others like it, to go to trial. In the brief, written by Georgia State University College of Law Professor Timothy Lytton, they argue, “exposing sperm banks to liability will give them a powerful incentive to exercise reasonable care in vetting donors and providing accurate information to their clients.” (PDF)

'Life-changing' sperm donor registry has connected 18,250 people with genetic relatives. (PDF)

Previous National News


December: Washington Post

Does sharing a sperm donor make us family?

"Days after my son was born, I was shuffling through our apartment in my postpartum uniform of mesh underwear, a fleece-lined flannel robe and slippers, when my wife, Sam, called me over to the kitchen table. 'Look at this,' she said, turning her laptop toward me. I blinked away my exhaustion as the screen came into focus. Sam had received an invitation to join a Facebook group for families connected by one thing: the shared genes of a 6-foot-2, blue-eyed collegiate soccer player. Our sperm donor." (PDF)

Tales of sperm banks and donor-related families usually focus on the kids or the donor himself. But what about the mothers? (PDF)

"The Donor Sibling Registry connects families who use the same donor, so I’ve known about most of my half-siblings since I was two. We all live in different places, but we keep in touch over social media and in a group chat. Last January, things changed for our group. The genetic testing site 23andMe matched some of us with Donor 893." (PDF)

See the associated September 2019 Washington Post article: The children of Donor H898. "The boys are part of an autism cluster involving at least a dozen children scattered across the United States, Canada, and Europe, all conceived with sperm from the same donor. Many of the children have secondary diagnoses of ADHD, dyslexia, mood disorders, epilepsy and other developmental and learning disabilities." Read the associated lawsuit. Read the Above the Law article: Sperm Donor Linked To Autism Cluster — Scientifically Fascinating, Legally Complicated. See the CBS Chicago story: Single Sperm Donor Linked To Numerous Children With Autism, Other Disabilities.

May: Boulder Weekly

Redefining family


"All Ryan Kramer had to do was to swab his cheek and embark on nine days of geneological research to identify his biological father, a man who thought he would remain anonymous when he donated his sperm and never took a DNA test himself. The year was 2005, when consumer DNA tests were in their infancy. Kramer was 15. Thirteen years later, the explosion of individual DNA test kits has opened the floodgates for people who were born from sperm or egg donations. Increasing numbers of people are using the technology to uncover the identities of their donors."

September: The Washington Post

44 siblings and counting

August: CBS This Morning

10 donor siblings who gather each year


"Xytex will never have to answer questions in court regarding its decision to sell the sperm of a donor the company would later learn had a criminal record and severe mental health problems." One of the parents explains the case.

March: New York Post

How I never met your father

February: NBC News Atlanta

Sperm for sale: Fighting for change


December: Harvard Law Blog

DNA: Donors Not Anonymous

"With no regulated tracking system in Canada, donor-conceived kids turn to private U.S. registry."

June: Envoyé Special on France 2

L’étonnant commerce du sperme

March: Seventeen Magazine

I Found My 16 Siblings Online

March: Daily Mail

One girl, SIXTEEN siblings

"Kacie Saxer-Taulbee, 19, was searching for her sperm-donor father. What she discovered was a huge extended family."

January: CBS Sunday Morning Show

One sperm donor's extended family


"A Canadian couple is suing a Georgia sperm bank [Xytex], alleging that the donor the company provided for them is a schizophrenic with a criminal past whose photo was doctored to make him look more attractive."


December: University of Southern California Center for Health Journalism

Code Unknown: Trying to connect with sperm donor through online community (Part 6)

(See Part 6 for links to Parts 1-5 of this story.)

Midwest Sperm Bank sells wrong sperm.

June: The Katie Couric Show

A teenager and her parents meet their egg donor and her two daughters for the first time! (See the full show on the DSR's Video Library page.) Very emotional and shows how important these connections can be — for all involved. Read the story in the June 5, 2014, Tennessean: Nashville teen finds her egg donor mom

(written by a DSR mom)


December: MTV

The compelling 6-part docu-drama Generation Cryo explored the issues faced by a new generation of kids coming of age who were conceived via anonymous sperm donors and are redefining what it means to be a family. The series documented the journey of Breeanna, a 17-year-old only child, who logged on to the Donor Sibling Registry and learned that she has at least 15 half-siblings all fathered by a man none of them know. Follow Bree’s mission to meet all of her half-brothers and sisters and their nationwide search to find their biological father. This show got stellar reviews!

Some rough cuts and out-takes from Generation Cryo:

December: WNYC Radio, The Brian Lehrer Show

Donor Siblings are Finding Ways to Connect

November: Paul Harris Radio Show

Donor Dads

November: ABC World News Tonight

Babies Born From Donor Sperm Still Big Business

November: Nov/Dec Issue of Psychology Today

A Conception Conundrum

October: WNYC Radio

Lost, Then Found

Ryan Kramer's biological father speaks publicly for the first time about being found through DNA testing.

September: The Huffington Post

Seeking My Anonymous Sperm-Donor Father

Richard Hatch connects with two offspring on the DSR.

August: The Mountain-Ear

Locals Produce Donor Sibling Series

March: DAME Magazine

Eleni Mandell and the New Family

"One sperm donor, two grandparents, two toddlers and an exboyfriend/nanny/uncle. How one single mother redefined 'family.'"


June: WCCO-AM 830 in Minneapolis, MN

Jearlyn Steele Interview with Wendy Kramer

(Also watch the video version)

April: TIME Magazine

Frozen Assets

"America is the largest exporter of sperm. But what happens when all those kids grow up and decide to go looking for Daddy?"

March: People Magazine

Are Sperm Donors' Kids At Risk?


December: The Doctors

DSR Video Page

November: NPR Tell Me More Radio

Fighting over Rights of Sperm Donor Babies

Wendy Kramer and Sean Tipton of the ASRM.

November: Sirius Radio

Comedian Judy Gold

(Sorry, link is broken)

November: Sirius Radio

Judith Regan Interview

(Sorry, link is broken)

(Interview with Wendy Kramer)

September: Boston Globe

Who's your daddy?

September: KUOW/NPR

Interview with Ryan Kramer

(Sorry, link is broken)

September: NY Times

One Sperm Donor, 150 Offspring

September: KIRO FM News

In search of donor 1058

June: NY Post

Pro creators

February: The Surrogacy Lawyer Radio Show

Interview with Wendy Kramer (see the related blog post)


December: KPFA Radio in Berkeley

(Sorry, no link)

November: Houston Press

Father Time

November: The Boston Globe

The Search for DGM 2598

October: Life Matters

Interview with Wendy Kramer

September: The Today Show

DSR video page


Donna Montalbano's Speaking of Adoption Radio

(Sorry, no link)

July: Cosmo Magazine

"My Dad Was a Sperm Donor"

June: KIRO, Seattle

The Ron and Don Radio Show

(Sorry, no link)

June: Newsweek

A Sperm-Biz Overhaul

May 2008: Der Speigel

Baby on Order (English pdf)

(German pdf)

April: O Magazine

The Children of Donor X

March: Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Registry connects children with genetic siblings

March: Chicago Tribune

When a disease is donated

February: NY Post

Don't Bank On NYC's Bad Seed

February: Oprah

(Sorry, link is broken)

February: Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Siblings from same 'dad' find each other

January: Chicago Tribune

The baby-making market

January: GQ Magazine

All My Children


December: Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

'Donor siblings' taking advantage of chance to meet

(Sorry, link is broken)

October: Ivanhoe Broadcast News

A registry wants to unite children of sperm donors

October: South Florida Sun-Sentinel

Web Site Helps Connect Sperm Bank Half-siblings

August: Leader-Telegram

Pieces of the DNA puzzle

August: PBS Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly

Sperm Donor Ethics

August: CBS News/Health

Mothers Who Used Same Sperm Donor Meet

August: Boulder County Business Report

Web site finds missing pieces of biological heritage

[Please note: Ryan Kramer had not met nine half-siblings. The reporter was a little confused!]

March: CBS News/60 Minutes

Sperm Donor Siblings Find Family Ties

February: Washington Post

Multiple Single Moms, One Nameless Donor

February: The Boston Channel

Internet Connects Sperm Donors With Offspring

February: US News & World Report

Who's Your Daddy?


November: Anderson Cooper Show

Search for Donor Dads

November: Washington Post

Found on the Web, With DNA: a Boy's Father

September: Augusta Chronicle

All in the family

June: Washington Post

Family Vacation

January: CBS News, The Early Show

Looking For Blood Relatives


November: Denver Post

Boy Wonder


July: Fox News

Who's Your Daddy?

July: CBS Evening News

Sperm Donor Meets Offspring


Other International News



April 2018: ABC Australia: Online search for sperm donor children brings three special brothers together

November 2010: Courier Mail: The dilemma of the D-Generation

July 2008: Courier Mail: Brisbane donor dad reaches out to unknown children

September 2006: The Daily Telegraph: Suffer the little children



May 2018: Ottawa Citizen: Multibillion-dollar industry with almost no oversight: Tougher fertility regulations on the way

April 2015: Radio Canada: Author argues for regulation of sperm banks (PDF)

April 2015: CBC Radio: Interview (sorry, link is broken)

April 2015: Couple sues Georgia sperm bank, claims donor wasn’t as advertised. Couple sues Xytex: "A Canadian couple is suing a Georgia sperm bank, saying that the donor the company provided for them turned out to be a schizophrenic who has a criminal record and whose photo was doctored to make him look more attractive."

April 2015: The Toronto Star: Sperm donor shortage forces Canadians to look to U.S.

April 2015: U.S. sperm bank admits it doesn't verify donor information

September 2011: National Post: Limit pregnancies by same sperm donor: fertility experts

September 2011: The Globe and Mail: 150 half-siblings? Sperm donation creates superfamilies

September 2011: Calgary Herald: (sorry, no link)

January 2011: National Post: Are the kids all right?

January 2010: Canadian Medical Association Journal: Disclosing the identity of sperm donors

January 2010: National Post: Battle over birthright: Case raises questions about role of sperm donors in children’s lives

November 2009: The search for a sperm-donor father

September 2009: CFAX 1070: Dave Dickson Live Canadian Radio Interview (sorry, no link)

April 2009: Le Devoir: Lhomme aux 120 enfants

March 2009: The National: Website group is a relative success

February 2009: The Globe and Mail: Contact with donor siblings a good experience for most families

November 2008: The Globe and Mail: Sperm shortage possible after landmark decision

October 2008: Radio Canada: Interview (sorry, no link)

November 2007: The Globe and Mail: Daddy's been a busy boy

November 2007: CBC Radio: Brave New Family

July 2007: The Globe and Mail: Who's your donor?

June 2007: La Presse: Je Pense Que Je Suis Votre Fille  (Partial English translation: Father of 26 Living Children) 

December 2005: The Gazette: Offspring wonder: Who's our daddy?

June 2005: The Globe and Mail: Donor conception: Who's my Daddy?

April 2005: Toronto Star: Are You My Father?

March 2004: The Ottawa Citizen: Website Tracks Sperm-Donor Dads


September 2011: Las Últimas Noticias: Los problemas que trae tener 150 hermanos del mismo papá


September 2011: Xinhuanet: Concerns arise over sperm donors [Unfortunately, the Chinese started a trend as other countries began reporting that Ryan Kramer has 150 half-siblings.]

July 2008: Voice of America (VOA ) Mandarin Service: "We are a radio broadcasting service funded by the federal government with a listening audience in the PRC, Hong Kong, Taiwan and other parts of Asia." (sorry, no link)



July 2015: Nationalt: Marcus-sag sår tvivl om sikkerhed ved fertilitetsbehandling. Article from Denmark about sperm mix-ups.


June 2016: Envoyé Special on France 2: L’étonnant commerce du sperme

September 2011: Le Figaro: Lincroyable descendance des donneurs de sperme aux USA

September 2011: Atlantico: Un donneur de sperme, 150 enfants


March 2016: The Big Saturdays Documentation: VORSCHAU-LINK (sorry, link is broken)

February 2015: Der Spiegel: Die genetische Sehnsucht (Rough English translation: The Genetic Desire)

September 2011: Heise: 150 unverhoffte Halb-Geschwister

February 2010: GQ Magazine: Vater Werden Ist Nicht Schwer

August 2008: Der Vater

May 2008: Der Speigel: Baby on order (English PDF) (German pdf





November 2020: NewsPicks:  【実話】天才児と母がたどった「父」探し、13年の全記録  (Loose translation: True Story: Genius Child and Mother Search for "Father")

June 2014: The Asahi Shimbun Globe: REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE: The difficult search for roots and long-lost relatives (Japanese PDF) (English PDF)



June 2017: Cambio Magazine: Papás a la carta

May 2017: Cambio Magazine: Solteras sí… solas no

New Zealand

September 2011: TopNews: Large Number of Siblings Due to a Single Sperm Donor (sorry, link is broken)



April 2011: Svenska Dagbladet: Ryan hittade sex nya halvsyskon på nätet


July 2018: Neue Zürcher Zeitung: Some have Excel spreadsheets (English PDF)

September 2011: Tio: Un donatore di sperma ha 150 figli, scoppia la polemica

2008: Swiss Public Radio: DRS 2 in Basel: (Audio)


United Kingdom

October 2019: BBC: Chelmsford fertility clinic gave woman the wrong sperm
"The error was highlighted as part of an HFEA report which showed that mistakes are rare — affecting less than 1% of fertility treatment cycles — but have risen by 6% in the last year and 18% in three years."

August 2019: BBC: My very extended family

October 2016: London Times: Looking for a Sperm Donor?

August 2016: BBC Mundo: "Soy hija única pero tengo 5 hermanos": los hijos de donantes de esperma que buscan sus raíces en internet (English Version: "I'm an only child but I have 5 brothers and sisters": The children of sperm donors seeking their roots on the internet)

November 2015: Daily Mail: Girl discovers she has 47 half-siblings from sperm donor father — and gathers many for a 'family reunion' after they found each other online

May 2015: BBC: Victoria Derbyshire Show: The donor-conceived siblings connecting across the world

March 2015: London Times: Sperm donation, a lucrative and growing industry

March 2015: World Magazine: Regulating the 'marketplace of children'

January 2015: The Mirror: Sperm donor dad meets his kids for first time in heartwarming video after they tracked him down online

January 2015: Daily Mail: They've all turned out to be really quite remarkable children: Sperm donor meets kids he has fathered during family gathering

June 2013: The Hairpin: Interview with a Woman Who Had Two Kids by Anonymous Sperm Donor

February 2013: Mail Online: Sperm donor mum tracks down her son’s ‘global family’ as she goes online to find six-year-olds 11 lookalike siblings

February 2013: BBC News: Should sperm donors have parental duties?

September 2011: BBC: Interview with Donor Ben (sorry, link is broken)

September 2011: BBC: Interview with Ryan Kramer and Baroness Mary Warnock [Mary Warnock wrote the rules limiting sperm donation in Britain. Skip to minute 37.]

September 2011: Daily Mirror: Two sets of twins 2,000 miles apart with the same sperm donor in common meet up

September 2011: Daily Mail: Sperm donor revealed to father 150 children as fears grow for spread of disease and incest

August 2011: BioNews: What the kids really want

July 2011: Daily Mail: Sperm donors 24 kids never told about his fatal, genetic illness

June 2011: BioNews: The birth of donor offspring rights in the USA?

August 2010: The London Times: Are you my sister?

November 2009: BioNews: Sperm donor screening needs to be overhauled

October 2009: BioNews: Lawsuit against US clinic reignites sperm donor debate

April 2009: BBC Radio 4 Documentary: Who's my half-brother? Where's my half-sister?

January 2009: BioNews: Egg donors need long-term follow-up: Recommendationsfrom a retrospective study of oocyte donors in the US

October 2008: The London Times: Our boys share a sperm-donor father

September 2008: BBC Documentaries: The 66 Club (Audio

September 2008: The Daily Mail: Six children, four mothers — and one father none of them has met. Meet the family of Donor 66

September 2008: The Telegraph: Lifeclass: should parents tell a donor child about their true origins?

July 2008: BBC News: Tell donor children early In life [Coverage of our paper presented at the ESHRE meeting. See the DSR Research page for a complete PDF of the talk.]

June 2008: London Free Press: 'It's a human right to know' your father

January 2008: The London Times: Children cheated of an identity

February 2007: The London Times: Meet sperm donor No 150, your daddy

March 2006: The London Times: Hi there, I’m your sperm donor sis

January 2006: Guardian: Who's the daddy?


May 2020: Fruitful Fertility Video Podcast: The Scoop on Using Donors

October 2019: Podcast with Wendy Kramer: There's No Such Thing As Anonymous Sperm Donation

May 2019: Family: Where YOU Come From. Wendy and Ryan Kramer's interviews start right after 8 minutes and go through the end, at 43 minutes. The conversations, mostly with Ryan, include information about childhood curiosity, the beginning of the DSR, DNA testing, finding Ryan's biological father, terminology, defining family, non-biological parent, infertility, nature/nurture, anonymity, and making new family connections.

January 2019: XRAY Radio: Interview with Wendy Kramer, CEO and Co-Founder of the Donor Sibling Registry (starts at 1:15:00)

March 2016: WERS Radio: The Odd & Modern Process For Meeting Your Sperm Donor Siblings

April 2015: Radio Canada: Author argues for regulation of sperm banks (PDF)

April 2015: CBC Radio: Interview (sorry, link is broken)

December 2013: WNYC Radio: The Brian Lehrer Show: Donor Siblings are Finding Ways to Connect

October 2013: WNYC Radio: Lost, Then Found. Ryan Kramer's biological father speaks publicly for the first time about being found through DNA testing.

August 2013: Cosozo Radio: Donor Siblings (sorry, link is broken)

June 2012: WCCO-AM 830 in Minneapolis, MN: Interview with Jearlyn Steele

November 2011: NPR Tell Me More Radio: Fighting Over Rights of Sperm Donor Babies (Sean Tipton of the ASRM and Wendy Kramer)

November 2011: Sirius Radio: comedian Judy Gold (sorry, link is broken)

November 2011: Sirius Radio: Judith Regan Interview (sorry, link is broken)

October 2011: Colorado Public Radio: Donor Unknown: One Girl's Quest to Find Her Father (Interview with Wendy Kramer) (Audio)

September 2011: NPR: A New Openness For Donor Kids About Their Biology (Audio)

September 2011: KUOW/NPR: Interview with Ryan Kramer (sorry, link is broken)

September 2011: KIRO FM News: In search of donor 1058

September 2011: BBC: Interview with Donor Ben (sorry, link is broken)

September 2011: BBC: Interview with Ryan Kramer and Baroness Mary Warnock [Mary Warnock wrote the rules limiting sperm donation in Britain. Skip to minute 37.]

August 2010: Happenings: Interview with Wendy Kramer

April 2009: Choice Moms podcast: Ryan Kramer: Finding half-siblings and donors

March 2009 and February 2009: NPR's All Things Considered and Talk of the Nation: Donor-Conceived Kids Connect With Half Siblings (Audio)

October 2008: Life Matters: Interview with Wendy Kramer

September 2008: BBC Documentaries: The 66 Club (Audio)

February 2008: WOR Radio Joan Hamburg Show: Donor's Medical History is Crucial Component to Child's Health (sorry, audio link is broken)

2008: Swiss Public Radio: DRS 2 in Basel: (Audio)



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